Type: Assault rifle

Place of origin: Soviet Union

Service history

In service: 1949¨Cpresent

Production history

Designer: Mikhail Kalashnikov

Designed: 1944¨C1946

Manufacturer: Izhmash

Number built: 70 million


Weight: 4.3 kg (9.5 lb) with empty magazine


870 mm (34.3 in) fixed wooden stock

875 mm (34.4 in) folding stock extended

645 mm (25.4 in) stock folded

Barrel length: 415 mm (16.3 in)

Cartridge: 7.62x39mm M43

Action: Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Rate of fire: 600 rounds/min

Muzzle velocity: 715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)

Effective range: 300 metres (330 yd) full automatic, 400 metres (440 yd) semi-automatic

Feed system: 30-round detachable box magazine, also compatible with 40-round box or 75-round drum magazines from the RPK

Sights: Adjustable iron sights, 100¨C1000 metre adjustments, 378 mm (14.9 in) sight radius